The teaching and examination regulations form the document that contains the essential regulations about the curriculum and the examination of each programme. The (minimum) content of these regulations is stipulated by Dutch law. They are also mainly based upon the suggested formulations used in the central UvA-Model-Regulations. Moreover, these Regulations have also been harmonised to quite an extent with all other programmes of the College and the Graduate School of Social Sciences. Here you will find the entry requirements, exit qualifications and curriculum. Also stipulated are rules concerning re-sits, validity of examinations and ‘cum laude'. These regulations are up-dated each year, with the involvement of the programme committee and examination committee. Please note that the Dutch translation of these regulations is ‘Onderwijs- en Examenregeling', abbreviated OER. The abbreviation is commonly used.